Take a look at this painting.
It is by Thomas Cole (February 1, 1801 – February 11, 1848), an English-born American artist who is regarded as the founder of the Hudson River School.
Rome is collapsing in one giant cataclysm — drowning, suicide, homicide, every other-cide, fires, floods, and more. This is a complete collapse that will end in total devastation. By that afternoon, by the way.
Seriously, though, what in the heck does a painting like this have to do with modern mass media?
Here we have a painting that takes 500 years of political and economic and social upheaval and telescopes it into one miserable day when everything comes tumbling down. The problem, though, is that empires and civilizations don’t just collapse in one day, or even in one week. Weakening institutions, political miscalculations, economic hardship slowly create the conditions that make the collapse possible, and eventually inevitable.
This sounds so much like much current news coverage to me. We see the catastrophic and dramatic incidents in which states are both born and destroyed. A statue is ripped down, a fire started, or an angry crowd overruns the capital and does away with the leadership. Good old-fashioned reality television.
The problem is that these cataclysms come at the tail ends of long processes in which moral and economic decline and heaven knows how many other factors slowly plant the seeds of destruction.
From looking at this painting, and from watching the evening news, it’s easy to get the impression that the world is a place without a long complex history, a place where one day there is a Soviet Union and one day there isn’t, where one day there is an authoritarian state called Romania — run by a tyrant named Ceausescu — and the next day he and his wife are running around their backyard being executed after a revolution.
My point is that much culture — still photographs, paintings, and news coverage — is inherently distorted and ahistorical because , while an image captures a moment, the social change leading to that moment can be long, obscure, and frustratingly incremental.
Television news is great at doing car chases, but scandalously inept at all the pre-history and context and build-up that lead to those cataclysmic moments.
And lest I sound like I am blaming the main stream media, ask yourself this question: Would you rather see a drama about the fall of Rome or a lecture about the complex factors that led to its decline? Would you rather watch footage of exploding volcanoes and villages being buried or see a documentary on the nature of lava?
Believe me, there are some times when — given the choice — I’m not sure how I would answer.
Actually, Cole was reaching for something more complex than a one-day, apocalyptic collapse. In fact, this is only one work in a five painting series he did called The Course of Empire. The series depicted society as it evolved from an initial state of nature to more elaborate social organization to empire and, finally, to collapse. Cole did the series in the context of a time of dizzying social change when many were concerned that rapid industrialization was destroying the romantic, agrarian ideal.
The point, though, is the extent to which so much art, media, and culture captures discrete moments and gives the distorted and ahistorical impression that our world is an inherently “sudden” place.
Society is a process, not a series of sudden cataclysmic moments.
I am wondering if you have found the name of the artist. I’d like to use this in my history class but if I present a piece with out an artist name then I am a plagiarism hypocrite to my students 🙂
Here is a slew of good info about the Cole series on Empire. The painting I found was one of this series:
How’s life in Ventura? I miss California.
Excellent observation. However….
There was a one day final negotiation with Alaric, head of the Goths, in 410 CE, about surrendering the city. The Roman delegation, after listening to his terms asked:”What are we left with?””Your lives” replied the king. Rome was sacked the next day.
Now those Goths had won, as shock troops of Theodosius I, Roman emperor, during the second day of the Battle of the Frigidarius, helped by a hurricane. They had won against the Occidental Franco-Roman army of Arbogast and Eugene, who thought Christian terror and fascism had to stop.
This was the day the West fell.
All this to say, one day event can matter… even as culminations of drawn-out processes…
Much more on my site…
Thanks so much for taking the time to comment. I really think we agree.
A lot of things can happen in one day. Working in midtown Manhattan on 9/11, my world turned upside down in one hour and I am still experiencing aftershocks.
And your fascinating telling of the events in Rome immediately before the fall were certainly extremely important, if not pivotal.
I think I was simply trying to make the basic point that whenever we look at a painting or photograph of any supposedly actual event, frozen in time as any image necessarily is, we risk missing the long, gradual run-up of social, economic, and structural changes that made the moment captured by the image possible.
In fact, the events you describe are precisely the kid of things we risk missing if we see an event solely in the moment the image captures.